Best Practical Examples of Linux Find Command

Linux Command

1. Find Files Using Name in Current Directory

Find all the files whose name is timewebhosting.txt in a current working directory.

# find . -name tecmint.txt
./timewebhosting.txt

2. Find Files Under Home Directory

Find all the files under /home directory with name tecmint.txt.

# find /home -name timewebhosting.txt
/home/timewebhosting.txt

3. Find Files Using Name and Ignoring Case

Find all the files whose name is tecmint.txt and contains both capital and small letters in /home directory.

# find /home -iname timewebhosting.txt
./timewebhosting.txt
./timewebhosting.txt

4. Find Directories Using Name

Find all directories whose name is Timewebhosting in / directory.

# find / -type d -name Timewebhosting
/Timewebhosting

5. Find PHP Files Using Name

Find all php files whose name is timewebhosting.php in a current working directory.

# find . -type f -name timewebhosting.php
./timewebhosting.php

6. Find all PHP Files in Directory

Find all php files in a directory.

# find . -type f -name "*.php"
./timewebhosting.php
./login.php
./index.php
./user.php

Part II – Find Files Based on their Permissions
7. Find Files With 777 Permissions

Find all the files whose permissions are 777.

# find . -type f -perm 0777 -print
8. Find Files Without 777 Permissions

Find all the files without permission 777.

# find / -type f ! -perm 777
9. Find SGID Files with 644 Permissions

Find all the SGID bit files whose permissions set to 644.

# find / -perm 2644
10. Find Sticky Bit Files with 551 Permissions

Find all the Sticky Bit set files whose permission are 551.

# find / -perm 1551
11. Find SUID Files

Find all SUID set files.

# find / -perm /u=s
12. Find SGID Files

Find all SGID set files.

# find / -perm /g=s
13. Find Read Only Files

Find all Read Only files.

# find / -perm /u=r
14. Find Executable Files

Find all Executable files.

# find / -perm /a=x
15. Find Files with 777 Permissions and Chmod to 644

Find all 777 permission files and use chmod command to set permissions to 644.

# find / -type f -perm 0777 -print -exec chmod 644 {} \;
16. Find Directories with 777 Permissions and Chmod to 755

Find all 777 permission directories and use chmod command to set permissions to 755.

# find / -type d -perm 777 -print -exec chmod 755 {} \;
17. Find and remove single File

To find a single file called timewebhosting.txt and remove it.

# find . -type f -name "timewebhosting.txt" -exec rm -f {} \;
18. Find and remove Multiple File

To find and remove multiple files such as .mp3 or .txt, then use.

# find . -type f -name "*.txt" -exec rm -f {} \;
OR
# find . -type f -name "*.mp3" -exec rm -f {} \;

19. Find all Empty Files

To file all empty files under certain path.

# find /tmp -type f -empty
20. Find all Empty Directories

To file all empty directories under certain path.

# find /tmp -type d -empty
21. File all Hidden Files

To find all hidden files, use below command.

# find /tmp -type f -name ".*"
Part III – Search Files Based On Owners and Groups
22. Find Single File Based on User

To find all or single file called timewebhosting.txt under / root directory of owner root.

# find / -user root -name timewebhosting.txt
23. Find all Files Based on User

To find all files that belongs to user Tecmint under /home directory.

# find /home -user timewebhosting
24. Find all Files Based on Group

To find all files that belongs to group Developer under /home directory.

# find /home -group developer
25. Find Particular Files of User

To find all .txt files of user Timewebhosting under /home directory.

# find /home -user timewebhosting -iname "*.txt"
Part IV – Find Files and Directories Based on Date and Time
26. Find Last 50 Days Modified Files

To find all the files which are modified 50 days back.

# find / -mtime 50
27. Find Last 50 Days Accessed Files

To find all the files which are accessed 50 days back.

# find / -atime 50
28. Find Last 50-100 Days Modified Files

To find all the files which are modified more than 50 days back and less than 100 days.

# find / -mtime +50 –mtime -100
29. Find Changed Files in Last 1 Hour

To find all the files which are changed in last 1 hour.

# find / -cmin -60
30. Find Modified Files in Last 1 Hour

To find all the files which are modified in last 1 hour.

# find / -mmin -60
31. Find Accessed Files in Last 1 Hour

To find all the files which are accessed in last 1 hour.

# find / -amin -60
Part V – Find Files and Directories Based on Size
32. Find 50MB Files

To find all 50MB files, use.

# find / -size 50M
33. Find Size between 50MB – 100MB

To find all the files which are greater than 50MB and less than 100MB.

# find / -size +50M -size -100M
34. Find and Delete 100MB Files

To find all 100MB files and delete them using one single command.

# find / -size +100M -exec rm -rf {} \;
35. Find Specific Files and Delete

Find all .mp3 files with more than 10MB and delete them using one single command.

# find / -type f -name *.mp3 -size +10M -exec rm {} \;

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