How do I import an SQL file using the command line in MySQL?

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mysql -u username -p database_name < file.sql
Check MySQL Options.

Note-1: It is better to use the full path of the SQL file file.sql.

Note-2: Use -R and –triggers to keep the routines and triggers of original database. They are not copied by default.

Note-3 You may have to create the (empty) database from mysql if it doesn’t exist already and the exported SQL don’t contain CREATE DATABASE (exported with –no-create-db or -n option), before you can import it.

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A common use of mysqldump is for making a backup of an entire database:

shell> mysqldump db_name > backup-file.sql
You can load the dump file back into the server like this:

UNIX

shell> mysql db_name < backup-file.sql
The same in Windows command prompt:

mysql -p -u [user] [database] < backup-file.sql

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